What Are Pigmentation, Hyperpigmentation & Hypopigmentation?
Your body contains a pigment called melanin, which determines the colour of your skin, hair and eyes. People with darker skin types tend to have more melanin in their skin cells than those with lighter skin – but imbalances and disorders of the skin can lead to inconsistent colouration, patterning and ‘blotches’.
When skin cells are healthy, your skin will appear normal and even. However, when skin cells become damaged or unhealthy, extra melanin is produced to help protect your skin. Alternatively, the cells that produce pigment can be damaged, which prevents melanin production. As a result, parts of your skin may turn lighter (hypopigmentation) or darker (hyperpigmentation), both of which are recognisable skin conditions. This page talks mostly about the symptoms of hyperpigmentation. For more information on hypopigmentation, see white spots.
What Causes Skin Pigmentation or Hyperpigmentation?
Pigmentation, or hyperpigmentation as it is also known, can occur for a variety of reasons. The effects can also become more obvious as we age, and if left untreated and unprotected can worsen.
Common causes of hyperpigmentation are:
- over-exposure to the sun
- hormonal changes
- medical conditions and trauma to the skin (such as burns or as a result of spots and picking).
Treatments for Pigmentation
CO2RE effectively targets both superficial and deeper layers of your skin for a smoother, more even complexion. Harnessing laser energy, CO2RE can be used to rejuvenate and resurface the skin in as little as one treatment. This high-tech laser is ideal for scar revision, skin resurfacing, uneven skin tone and much more. The targeted energy of the laser stimulates collagen formation for continued improvement and younger-looking skin long after you have left the clinic.
Skin Peels harness the power of naturally occurring acids and active ingredients to deeply exfoliate and brighten the skin. The treatment stimulates new cell growth and collagen production, helping to reveal fresher, clearer, brighter skin. At sk:n, we offer a variety of industry leading Skin Peels that involve applying a non-toxic chemical solution to the skin that removes the top layer of dead skin cells and encourages new ones to grow, revealing the softer, smoother skin beneath.
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